Immigrants Rights

Immigrants' Rights: 1956

Voters approve Proposition 13, repealing the “Alien Land Law” 43 years after it was initially passed.

Immigrants' Rights: 1957

Immigration and Naturalization Service institutes a “confession” program providing amnesty from prosecution for Chinese immigrants who confess to entering the U.S. under false identities. The program is in effect until 1965.

Immigrants' Rights: 1963

Bracero treaty expires without renewal.

Immigrants' Rights: 1965

Congress passes an immigration act allowing for greater immigration from Asia and Latin America.

Immigrants' Rights: 1970

In Castro v. State of California, the state supreme court rules that the English literacy requirement for voting violates the equal protection clause of the federal constitution.

Immigrants' Rights: 1974

In a case arising out of Chinese immigrant students in San Francisco not being taught English, the U.S. Supreme court rules in Lau v. Nichols that public schools officials must guarantee that students of a particular race, color or national origin are given the opportunity for an education generally obtained by other students. If students do not understand English, merely providing them the same teachers, textbooks, curriculum, and facilities as other students is not enough.

 

Immigrants' Rights: 1975

Federal Voting Rights Act is expanded to require bilingual ballots in areas with a threshold percentage of non-English speakers

Immigrants' Rights: 1976

Legislature passes the Chacon-Moscone Bilingual Education Act which gives public school students the right to be taught in a language they understand. The law requires bilingual and bicultural education in elementary schools where at least 15 students speak the same primary non-English language.

Immigrants' Rights: 1987

Voters pass Proposition 63, amending the state constitution to declare English the official state language.

Immigrants' Rights: 1989

Federal judge Robert Takasugi strikes down a Pomona ordinance requiring business signs with foreign lettering to be at least half in "English" alphabetical characters.

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