Dissent: 1953

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Governor Earl Warren signs into law a bill requiring loyalty oaths for all persons or organizations claiming exemptions from property taxes.

Los Angeles Mayor Fletcher Bowron loses a brutal re-election campaign after Los Angeles Police Chief William Parker publicly declares Frank Wilkinson a subversive whom Bowron supported.

Legislature passes the Dilworth Act, named for State Senator Nelson Dilworth, requiring public school employees to take a loyalty oath and denying them any ground for refusing to answer questions from school boards or legislative committees concerning their membership in the Communist Party or other political organizations.

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