Dissent: 1952

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Frank WilkinsonFrank WilkinsonLos Angeles Housing Authority administrator Frank Wilkinson refuses to testify about his political beliefs before the California Senate’s Committee on Un-American Activities. The Housing Authority fires him.

Legislature approves the Luckel Act, named for San Diego Assembly Member Frank Luckel, requiring all state employees to respond to government entities investigating their political beliefs.

By a two-to-one margin, California voters pass Proposition 5, which permits the legislature to subject state employees to loyalty check programs, and Proposition 6, which enshrines the Levering Act loyalty oath requirement into the state constitution.

California Supreme Court upholds the Levering Act in Pockman v. Leonard.