Picture bride

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The Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1908 between Japan and the United States virtually halted the immigration of Japanese male laborers.  The wives of men already in the U.S., however, were allowed entry.  Many Japanese women who immigrated to the U.S. were referred to as “picture brides” because they had not met their husbands prior to immigration and could only identify their spouses by photos they carried.  This painting by Henry Sugimoto depicts “picture brides” arriving in San Francisco.  Henry Sugimoto. Picture Bride, 1965.  Gift of Madeleine Sugimoto and Naomi Tagawa, Japanese American National Museum (92.97.108).

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