Race: 1944

Printer-friendly versionSend by email

In the deadliest disaster on U.S. soil during World War II, two military cargo ships explode at the Port Chicago Naval Base.  Over 300 are killed, the majority of them African Americans who worked round-the-clock.  Fifty black sailors who refused to return to the dangerous work of loading munitions were found guilty of mutiny.  National publicity about the trial contributes to the Navy desegregating training, shore facilities, and ships.