World War II Incarceration: Dec. 1944

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In Korematsu v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules against Fred Korematsu, upholding the constitutionality of the forced removal of Japanese Americans from their homes. 

War Department lifts orders excluding Japanese Americans from the west coast, effective January 2, 1945.

U.S. Supreme Court rules in In Ex Parte Endo that President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066 does not authorize the detention of loyal Japanese American citizens.  The same day, the WRA announces that all of the camps under its control will close by December 31, 1945.  Although the government lifts mass exclusion orders, it issues exclusion orders against specific individuals.