LA Board of Supervisors Apologizes to Mexican Americans Deported in the 1930s
Acknowledging the role of their predecessors in the mass deportation during the 1930s of Mexican American citizens and legal residents, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors formally apologized for the County's role in the federal program.
Between 1930-1939, hundreds of thousands of Mexican Americans were deported. Their parents had been recruited to work on U.S. farms and ranches during a World War I labor shortage. But when the Great Depression hit, they were scapegoated for taking "American" jobs. Immigration agents conducted mass raids in homes, businesses and even Los Angeles' downtown plaza, sweeping up people based only on their skin color.
By 1939, more than a million people, an estimated 60% of them U.S. citizens, were rounded up and sent to Mexico.
In 2006, the state of California formally apologized for its role in the so-called "repatriation" program.