1871 - 1910
In the worst mass lynching in California history, a mob of white and Latino vigilantes murders 19 Chinese immigrants in Los Angeles after gunfire between two rival Chinese syndicates kills a white rancher.
Capital punishment is added to California’s penal code.
Ban on Indian and Chinese testimony rescinded.
Legislature passes a law forbidding the trafficking of women from Asia for prostitution.
State supreme court rules in Ward v. Flood that African American children have a right to a public education but not in the same schools as white children.
After intense lobbying by women, the Legislature passes a law mandating equal pay for women teachers.
Article XX, Section 18 of the new state Constitution states that women cannot be disqualified from any profession.
Voters ratify a new state constitution. At the urging of the Workingmen’s Party, the new constitution denies Chinese immigrants the right to vote, bans the hiring of Chinese by corporations or on public works, and authorizes cities to require Chinese residents to live outside city limits or in segregated areas.
Legislature amends the General School Law, eliminating all references to race, and repeals the law allowing school districts to establish separate schools for African American and Indian children.
Legislature amends anti-miscegenation law to ban marriages between whites and “Mongolians” (Asians)