Women: 1896

A measure on the state ballot to extend the vote to women fails. Women suffragists continue to organize.

Women: 1901

Women waitresses strike, shutting down 200 San Francisco restaurants.

Women: 1907

Women workers at laundries and the Ghirardelli chocolate factory strike for better wages and working conditions.

Women: 1911

SolomonsSolomonsWomen win the right to vote in California after a grueling campaign. California becomes the “Sixth Star,” or the sixth state to grant suffrage to women.

Voters pass an initiative enforcing the 8-hour work day and a minimum wage for women.

Women: 1919

Women telephone operators strike for the right to bargain collectively.

Women: 1942

Rosie the RivetersRosie the RivetersFirst women defense workers, later dubbed Rosie the Riveters, are hired to fill the urgent demand for battleships and aircraft during World War II.

Women: 1945

End of the war brings a precipitous decline in women industrial workers.

Women: 1961

President John F. Kennedy establishes the Commission on the Status of Women, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, to examine, among other things, discrimination against women in the workplace.

First bill to liberalize California's abortion law is introduced, but fails to pass.

Women: 1963

Congress passes the federal Equal Pay Act.

Women: 1964

Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964, creating the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and covering discrimination on the basis of gender.

President Lyndon Johnson appoints International Ladies Garment Workers organizer (and later National Organization for Women president) Aileen Hernandez as the first woman on the EEOC.

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